The PAHAYAG End-of-the-Year survey is an independent and non-commissioned poll done by PUBLiCUS Asia Inc. covering the period of December 3-9, 2020. It is a nationwide purposive sampling survey comprised of 1500 respondents drawn from a research panel of approximately 100K Filipinos maintained by a Singapore-based firm. The survey research panel was restricted to registered voters. Parameters based on respondent age and location were also considered in the sample formulation in order for the resulting sample to conform more closely to the features of the voting population as defined by statistics from the COMELEC. The reading was divided by super regions: NCR, Northern and Central Luzon (NCL), Southern Luzon (SL), Visayas (VIS), and Mindanao (MIN).
The national ID system garnered the highest level of overall approval at ~78%. Projects and proposals that promise/imply transfers or benefits were well received. These include the government sponsored vaccine (~75%), Bayanihan Act 2 (~71%), upgrading of regional airports (~66%), and increasing the national budget to 4.5t (~61%).
Proposals designed to curb the spread of COVID-19 also enjoy high levels of approval. These include the extension of the GCQ (~61%) and the prohibition of face to face classes (~60%).
Relatively unpopular proposals and projects include: the actions of Gen. Parlade (~38% approval vs ~20% disapproval), the abolition of PhilHealth (~35% approval vs ~32% disapproval), and the use of dolomite in the Manila Bay reclamation (~27% approval vs ~41% disapproval).
The top issues for respondents include: the COVID vaccine, the economy, jobs, corruption, and education – with the first three dominating the top ranked category. Over half of respondents indicated that they felt hopeful about the Philippines heading into 2021. 40% indicated that they felt anxious about the Philippines heading into 2021. These are the two most commonly chosen emotions selection rates dropped for other emotions.
Nine (9) modules were analyzed in this run: state of the economy and economic prospects, assessment of COVID-19 responses, national issues, leadership scorecard, emotional quotient of leaders, media consumption habits and responses to media campaigns, predisposition, travel likelihood, and blended learning.
The last PAHAYAG survey was done in August 2020, right after the State of the Nation Address. PUBLiCUS has been doing commissioned surveys as early as 2007 and launched its PAHAYAG brand in 2017 as its CSR, addressing the need for timely, relevant, and actionable information. PUBLiCUS likewise introduced in its PAHAYAG surveys new metrics: Emotional Quotient (or the Love, Care and Solidarity Index), electoral predisposition instead of preference since there are no official list of candidates yet, as well as household sentiments to complement existing optimism metrics. PUBLiCUS also employs its proprietary software (CAPI instead of PAPI) to facilitate the rapid release of results. PUBLiCUS remains committed to ensuring data integrity and the quality of our analytical outputs.
PUBLiCUS currently uses a research panel (i.e. individuals recruited to answer surveys) instead of face-to-face due to the restrictions imposed by COVID-19 and the lockdowns. It is treated as a non-random sample as it did not give every element in the population a nonzero chance of selection, nor did it base sample selection through a fully randomized procedure. Instead, its sample is drawn according to a set of parameters or variables that conform to the population under consideration (i.e. samples have to be a certain age, gender, voter profile, etc.).