PAHAYAG 2023 Second Quarter Survey (PQ2), conducted by PUBLiCUS Asia Inc. is an independent and non-commissioned survey. The survey period was from 08 June to 12 June 2023 using purposive sampling composed of 1,500 respondents randomly drawn from the market research panel of over 200,000 Filipinos maintained by the Singapore office of PureSpectrum, a US-based panel marketplace with multinational presence. The sample was restricted to registered Filipino voters.
The 1,500 respondents were divided geographically into five (5) areas: National Capital Region (NCR), North Central Luzon (NCL), South Luzon (SL), Visayas and Mindanao (Table 1). Margin of error is +/- 3%.
DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF RESPONDENTS
The survey was conducted online, and the majority were from the ages 18-49 years old, Roman Catholic and had College education. More than 75% of the respondents are currently employed and more than half have no OFW family member (Table 2). Almost all of them own and use a mobile phone, have internet access at home and have voted in 2022.
In terms of income, more than half were categorized as middle income household earners with a salary range from Php20,000-70,000 per month (Table 3). About 48% leaned towards supporting the Marcos administration and about the same percentage were undecided when asked about the opposition party (Table 4).
Compared to last quarter survey results (PQ1-2023), no significant movement was seen in terms of political leanings in Marcos Administration and Opposition Party.
MODULE 1: STATE OF COUNTRY, NATIONAL AND HOUSEHOLD ECONOMIC OUTLOOK
Sustained perception of the economy was noted in both Q1 and Q2 results, such as the current state of the country, current direction of the country. There is also a positive outlook that national economic and financial prospects will further improve as we get into the 3rd quarter (Table 5).
Government workers, who belong to the 11% of the population, show the most improvement in their view of the country’s current state, direction, economic and financial prospects. Other respondents are generally stable. When presented with the sentiments about the state of the Philippines, there has been a significant increase in the negative side but was offset by optimism and positivity of government workers and respondents ages 25-29 yo (Table 6).
MODULE 2: NATIONAL ISSUES AND CITIZEN CONCERNS
Favorable national issues (Table 7) for this quarter are renewable energy, affordability of commodities, wages, livelihood, and sourcing funds from the rich down to the poorest of the poor. Said issues were mostly approved by respondents aged 30-50 years old, middle income earners and with College education.
In the succeeding tables (Tables 8 and 9), other approved issues were shortage of healthcare professionals, cancellation of excise tax, adjusting to K-12 curriculum, passing of Gender Equality Bills, among others.
Respondents do not approve of the following issues: privatization of NAIA, changing the form of government to parliament or federal, COVID-19 related issues and importation of agricultural products (Table 10).
MACRO AND MICRO ISSUES
There have been little to no changes in the most pressing issues PBBM must focus on and these are: the Philippine economy, corruption, prices/inflation, poverty, and jobs (Table 11).
For low-income earners and newly graduates, it is challenging to land jobs. Generally, sources of funds for Filipino households are difficult to find (Table 12).
MODULE 3: SCORECARD FOR NATIONAL LEADERS AND INSTITUTIONS
Overall, the approval ratings for top country officials have been sustained except for House Speaker Romualdez who received more opposition for this quarter especially in NCL, some in SL and MIN (Table 13).
TESDA remains the top-ranking agency (Table 14), receiving the highest approvals, while AFP experiences a decline and is now tied with DOST for the second and third positions. DOST’s rating remains stable. The ratings of DOT, BSP, and PNP have decreased, while the rest of the agencies maintain a stable rating.
Trust ratings remain high for top officials, but NCL consistently expresses reduced approval, leading to lower trust this quarter for both PBBM and VP Sara (Table 15).
Trust in various government agencies has remained relatively stable over the past 4-5 quarters, except for the Department of Health (DOH), which has experienced a gradual increase in trust quarter-on-quarter. Compared to Q1’22, DOH has gained 12 percentage points in trust. In contrast, PNP slips back to Q1’22 rating, lowest in 6 quarters (Table 16).
MODULE 4: EMOTIONAL QUOTIENT OF NATIONAL LEADERS
Beyond shared values of love for country, concern for fellow countrymen, and fulfilling duties, PBBM distinguishes himself through humility and eloquence (shared with SP Zubiri), while VP Sara is strongly associated with bravery. As for the legislative heads and CJ Gesmundo, upholding the law is expected, with SP Zubiri perceived slightly more as fair-minded/just compared to the other officials (Table 17).
MODULE 5: VOTING PREDISPOSITION FOR 2025 SENATE RACE
The senatorial list consists of 43 names (Table 18), but apart from the newcomer Erwin Tulfo, who has gained significant momentum and secured a strong position in the 2nd-3rd spot, the remaining top 12 contenders are seasoned politicians. Among them, Rodrigo Duterte emerges as the prominent and unwavering frontrunner.
MODULE 6: PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT ON PBBM ADMINISTRATION
PERFORMANCE OF NEWLY ELECTED OFFICIALS
Performance ratings are stable across all newly elected country officials, most sustaining gains from previous quarters (Table 19). NCL shows decreased satisfaction with PBBM and VP Sara, ending the previous upward trend. Non-Catholics and Other Workers display similar patterns. However, Government Workers’ positive feedback helps maintain the overall rating by mitigating the drops.
ASSESSMENT OF CABINET MEMBERS’ PERFORMANCE
Approximately 60% of Filipino voters still approve of PBBM’s cabinet performance (Table 20), but it is worth noting the slight but continuous decline from quarter to quarter, mainly driven by MIN voters. Only VIS shows signs of improvement, with a diminishing proportion of disapproval.
Individually, VP Sara, serving as DepEd Secretary, has the highest approval rating, primarily driven by MIN voters (Table 21). However, this rating is pulled down by NCL/SL regions. PBBM follows with a high approval rating as DA Secretary, followed by DSWD, DOF, DOH, DMW, DOT, DILG, DOST, and DND, respectively.
A majority of Filipino voters agree with PBBM’s decision to appoint himself as DA Secretary. However, PBBM faces significant criticism for the issue of inflation (Table 22), which is not directly related to agriculture.
Nearly 70% of Filipino voters agree with VP Sara’s appointment as DepEd Secretary. However, there is dissatisfaction arising from the proposed mandatory ROTC, allocation of intelligence and confidential funds in DepEd, and the revised curriculum offering students the option to take additional two years of preparatory school for college (Table 23).
VP Sara’s appointment as co-chair of NTF-ELCAC receives a divided reception among Filipino voters, with around half approving, a third having no opinion, and a fifth expressing disapproval (Table 24).
MODULE 7: MEDIA CONSUMPTION HABITS
There is no significant change in the media habits of Filipino voters (Table 25). Most Filipinos access the internet daily, primarily through social media and streaming platforms. These platforms have become the primary sources of daily news for nearly every Filipino.
Facebook and YouTube continue to dominate as the leading social media platforms among Filipino users (Table 26). Netflix has made some progress this quarter, securing the third spot, followed closely by Instagram and TikTok. Though Facebook has slightly more heavy users than YouTube, the latter has gained more trust from its users (skewed in NCR).
TRUST RATINGS OF NEWS OUTLETS
The most trusted news outlets (Table 27) in the Philippines are currently tied between GMA 7 and CNN Philippines. Following closely are Philippine Daily Inquirer (PDI), Manila Bulletin (MB), and The Philippine Star, along with online platforms ABS-CBN Online and TV5/Interaksyon.